Understanding your choice of forged crane wheels options
When it comes to choosing the right forged crane wheels for your business, it’s important to understand the different options available. Crane wheels play a crucial role in ensuring the smooth and safe operation of cranes, and choosing the right ones can make all the difference.
What are forged crane wheels?
Forged crane wheels, also known as crane wheels, crown wheels, and wheel forgings, are the supporting components of the crane and roll to carry the load of the crane and goods, playing an important role.
Types of forged crane wheels
The Rimless Wheel: Simplicity and Flexibility
The rimless wheel is a basic yet versatile wheel type. Commonly found in caster assemblies and other material handling equipment, rimless wheels are typically lightweight and easy to maneuver. They offer the following benefits:
- Ease of maintenance: Rimless wheels have fewer parts, making them simple to maintain and replace.
- Adaptability: These wheels can be used in various environments, from warehouses to production lines.
- Cost-effectiveness: Rimless wheels are generally less expensive than their flanged counterparts.
Applications of Rimless Wheels
Rimless wheels are ideal for lightweight applications where easy movement is required. They are commonly used in:
- Casters: Rimless wheels are often found in caster assemblies for carts and trolleys.
- Conveyor systems: These wheels can be used in conveyor systems to facilitate the smooth transport of goods.
- Manufacturing equipment: Rimless wheels are used in various types of manufacturing equipment to improve mobility and streamline processes.
The Single Flanged Wheel: Stability and Precision
The single-flanged wheel features a flange on one side, providing additional stability and guidance in specific applications. These wheels offer:
- Enhanced tracking: The flange ensures the wheel stays on track, reducing the likelihood of derailment.
- Increased precision: Single-flanged wheels provide better alignment, ensuring accurate positioning.
- Improved load distribution: These wheels distribute weight evenly, reducing stress on equipment.
Applications of Single-Flanged Wheels
Single-flanged wheels are suitable for applications requiring stability and precision, such as:
- Cranes and hoists: Single-flanged wheels are used in crane and hoist systems for secure load handling.
- Rail-guided vehicles: These wheels are ideal for rail-guided vehicles, providing accurate tracking and preventing derailment.
- Material handling equipment: Single-flanged wheels are used in various material handling equipment to improve stability and precision.
The Double Flanged Wheel: Superior Stability and Guidance
The double-flanged wheel features a flange on both sides, offering maximum stability and guidance. These wheels provide the following benefits:
- Exceptional tracking: Double flanges ensure the wheel remains securely on track, minimizing the risk of derailment.
- Enhanced load capacity: These wheels can support heavier loads than single-flanged or rimless wheels.
- Increased durability: Double-flanged wheels are typically more robust and long-lasting, providing extended service life.
Applications of Double-Flanged Wheels
Double-flanged wheels are ideal for heavy-duty applications that demand maximum stability and guidance, such as:
- Heavy cranes and gantries: Double-flanged wheels are used in large cranes and gantries for secure load handling and movement.
- Railway applications: These wheels are utilized in various railway applications, including locomotives and rail cars, providing exceptional stability and guidance.
- Heavy-duty material handling equipment: Double-flanged wheels are found in heavy-duty material handling equipment, ensuring the efficient and secure movement of goods.
Materials Used in Forged Crane Wheels
Forged crane wheels can be made from various materials, each with unique properties suited for specific applications. Some common materials include:
|Titanium forged crane wheels||ASTM B381 / ASME SB381, Titanium Gr. 1, Titanium Gr. 2, Titanium Gr. 4, Titanium Gr. 5, Titanium Gr. 7, ASTM R50250/GR.1| R50400/GR.2 | R50550/GR.3 | R50700/GR.4 | GR.6 |R52400/GR.7 | R53400/GR.12 | R56320/GR.9 |R56400/GR.5|
|Copper forged crane wheels||T1, T2, C10100, C10200, C10300, C10400, C10500, C10700, C10800, C10910,C10920, TP1, TP2, C10930, C11000, C11300, C11400, C11500, C11600, C12000,C12200, C12300, TU1, TU2, C12500, C14200, C14420, C14500, C14510, C14520, C14530, C17200, C19200, C21000, C23000, C26000, C27000, C27400, C28000, C33000, C33200, C37000, C44300, C44400, C44500, C60800, C63020, C68700, C70400, C70600, C70620, C71000, C71500, C71520, C71640, etc|
|Copper Nickel forged crane wheels||ASTM / ASME SB 61 / 62 / 151 / 152, Copper Nickel 90/10 (C70600 ), Cupro Nickel 70/30 (C71500), UNS C71640|
|Carbon Steel forged crane wheels||ASTM/ASME A/SA105 A/SA105N & A/SA216-WCB, DIN 1.0402, DIN 1.0460, DIN 1.0619, Die Steel, ASTM A105 / ASME SA105, A105N, ASTM A350 LF2 / ASME SA350, High Yield CS ASTM A694 / A694 (F52 F56 F60 F65 F70 F80)|
|Stainless Steel forged crane wheels||ASTM/ASME A/SA182 F304, F304L, F316, F316L, ASTM/ASME A/SA351 CF8, CF3, CF8M, CF3M, DIN 1.4301, DIN 1.4306, DIN 1.4401, DIN 1.4404, DIN 1.4308, DIN 1.4408, DIN 1.4306, DIN 1.4409|
|Alloy Steel forged crane wheels||ASTM A182 / ASME SA182 F5, F9, F11, F12, F22, F91|
|Hastelloy forged crane wheels||ASTM B564 / ASME SB564, Hastelloy C276 (UNS N10276), C22 (UNS N06022), C4, C2000, B2, B3, X|
|Brass forged crane wheels||3602 / 2604 / H59 / H62 / etc.|
|Inconel forged crane wheels||ASTM B564 / ASME SB564, Inconel 600, 601, 625, 718, 783, 690, x750|
|Monel forged crane wheels||ASTM B564 / ASME SB564, Monel 400 (UNS No. N04400), Monel 500 (UNS No. N05500)|
|Duplex forged crane wheels||S31803 / S32205 A182 Gr F51 / F52 / F53 / F54 / F55 / F57 / F59 / F60 / F61|
|Super Duplex forged crane wheels||S32750 / S32760 A182 Gr F51 / F52 / F53 / F54 / F55 / F57 / F59 / F60 / F61|
|Alloy 20 forged crane wheels||ASTM B462 / ASME SB462, Carpenter 20 Alloy, Alloy 20Cb-3|
|Aluminium forged crane wheels||5052 /6061/ 6063 / 2017 / 7075 / etc.|
|Nickel forged crane wheels||ASTM B564 / ASME SB564, Nickel 200, Nickel 201, Nickel 205, Nickel 205LC|
|Nimonic forged crane wheels||Nimonic 75, Nimonic 80A, Nimonic 90|
|Other forged crane wheelsmaterial||Tin bronze, Alumunum bronze, Lead bronze|
|Incoloy forged crane wheels||ASTM B564 / ASME SB564, Incoloy 800, 800H, 800HT (UNS N08800), 825 (UNS N08825), 925|
|254 Smo forged crane wheels||ASTM A182 / ASME SA182, SMO 254/6Mo, UNS S31254, DIN 1.4547|
Dimensions of Forged Crane Wheels
While the dimensions of a forged crane wheel can vary based on the factors mentioned above, some standard dimensions are commonly found in the industry. These include:
1. Wheel Diameter
The wheel diameter is one of the most crucial dimensions when selecting forged crane wheels. This dimension directly impacts the wheel’s load capacity, contact stress, and wear resistance. Larger wheel diameters can accommodate heavier loads, reduce stress on the rail, and improve overall wheel longevity. Common wheel diameters range from 150mm to 1200mm, depending on the specific crane application and load requirements.
2. Wheel Width
Wheel width is another essential dimension of forged crane wheels, as it affects the load distribution on the rail and the wheel’s stability. Wider wheels provide better load distribution and increased stability, especially when operating on uneven surfaces. However, excessively wide wheels can cause increased wear and tear on the rail system. Standard wheel widths range from 50mm to 350mm, depending on the application and load requirements.
3. Flange Height
The flange height is a critical dimension that influences the lateral stability of the wheel on the rail. A higher flange provides better guidance and prevents the wheel from derailing, especially during high-speed operations or when subjected to lateral forces. Flange heights typically range from 20mm to 65mm, with the specific value depending on the application and rail system design.
4. Bore Diameter
The bore diameter is the inner diameter of the wheel’s central hole, which is mounted onto the crane’s axle. It is essential to ensure that the bore diameter matches the axle size to maintain proper wheel alignment and reduce wear on the axle and wheel. Common bore diameters range from 30mm to 350mm, depending on the axle size and load requirements.
The Forging Process of forged crane wheels
Forged crane wheels are a widely used type of wheel, mainly used on cranes with large loads and severe working conditions, such as metallurgical cranes, quenching cranes, etc. Forging wheels use forging machinery to produce plastic deformation on metal blanks and achieve certain mechanical properties and shapes. During the forging process of forged wheels, defects such as casting porosity generated by forging energy metal during smelting are used to optimize the organizational structure while maintaining a complete metal flow line.
1. Choose suitable raw materials
According to customer requirements, select suitable steel materials and conduct chemical composition checks on the selected steel to ensure the quality of the materials is qualified.
2. Cutting steel
Cut steel ingots and billets into reasonable sizes and weights according to product requirements, facilitating subsequent forging.
3. Heating and tempering
Heat the cut blank according to the production process to ensure the heating temperature meets the requirements.
Move the heated billet to the forging machine, perform corresponding processes such as pier thickness and elongation based on the size of raw materials and forging ratio requirements, monitor the size of the forging in real time, and control the forging temperature through an infrared thermometer.
5. Forging inspection
Conduct a preliminary inspection on the forging blank to check whether the appearance and size meet the standards. In terms of appearance, the main inspection is to check for cracks and other defects. Regarding size, it is necessary to ensure that the blank allowance is within the range required by the drawings and to keep records.
6. Heat preservation and normalization after forging
The main purpose is to refine grain size, uniform structure, and internal stress, reduce hardness, facilitate easy cutting of forgings, and improve materials’ microstructure and mechanical properties. Improve organizational structure and prepare for subsequent quenching.
7. Rough machining
After the forging is formed, various forgings specifications are processed according to product requirements, leaving a margin for precision machining.
8. Heat treatment
A comprehensive process of heating a forging to a predetermined temperature, holding it for a certain period, and then cooling it at a predetermined speed to improve the internal structure and properties of the forging. Its purpose is to reduce internal stress, prevent deformation during mechanical processing, and adjust the hardness to make the forging easier to cut. After heat treatment, the forgings shall be air-cooled, water-cooled, oil-cooled, etc., according to the material requirements. Including heat treatment such as normalizing, quenching and tempering, and quenching.
9. Precision machining
The forged wheel forgings after rough machining and heat treatment are precision machined using CNC machine tools to ensure that the forged wheels’ dimensional accuracy, smoothness, and other aspects fully meet the forging drawings’ requirements.
10. Appearance inspection of forged wheels
The main purpose is to inspect whether the appearance of forged wheels meets the size specifications on the customer’s drawings. And carry out ultrasonic testing (UT), magnetic particle testing (MT), hardness testing, tolerance testing, carburization, and other inspections required by the drawings.
11. Mechanical performance testing
To meet customer needs, the mechanical properties of forgings must be tested, mainly yield, tensile, impact, and metallographic tests. Meet the needs of forged wheel inspection.
12. Surface treatment
After visual inspection, mechanical performance testing, and other quality inspections, it has been proven that the quality of the forged wheel product is qualified. Then, according to the customer’s requirements, carry out finishing work such as spraying, rust prevention, and painting.
13. Marking, Packaging, and Transportation: Delivering Quality Forged Crane Wheels
Once the forged crane wheels have undergone precision machining, they are marked with identifying information, such as part number, heat number, and material grade. They are then carefully packaged to prevent damage during transportation. Finally, the crane wheels are shipped to their final destination, ready to be integrated into various applications across numerous industries.
How to Measure Forged Crane Wheels?
Accurate measurement of these crane wheels is vital for ensuring the end product’s proper fit, function, and longevity.
Tools Required for Measuring Forged Crane Wheels
To measure forged crane wheels effectively, you will need the following tools:
- Calipers: A digital caliper is the most accurate tool for measuring the diameter and width of a forged crane wheel.
- Micrometer: This instrument is used for measuring small distances with high precision, such as the thickness of the wheel flange and the groove depth.
- Depth Gauge: A depth gauge is useful for measuring the depth of wheel grooves and treads.
- Tape Measure: A tape measure can be used for measuring the overall dimensions of the crane wheel assembly.
- Straightedge: A straightedge is essential for checking the alignment and flatness of the wheel surface.
Step-by-Step Guide to Measuring Forged Crane Wheels
Follow these steps to measure your forged crane wheels accurately:
Step 1: Inspect the Crane Wheel for Visible Damage
Before measuring, visually inspect the crane wheel for any visible damage, such as cracks, dents, or excessive wear. This will help you determine whether the wheel needs repair or replacement.
Step 2: Measure the Wheel Diameter
Using a digital caliper, measure the wheel’s diameter by placing the caliper’s jaws across the wheel’s widest point. Ensure the caliper is perpendicular to the wheel surface for an accurate measurement.
Step 3: Measure the Wheel Width
Next, measure the width of the wheel by placing the caliper jaws on either side of the wheel. Be sure to measure the wheel’s circumference at several points to account for inconsistencies.
Step 4: Measure the Flange Thickness and Groove Depth
Utilize a micrometer to measure the wheel flange’s thickness and the wheel groove’s depth. Place the micrometer anvil on the wheel’s outer edge and the spindle on the flange’s inner edge to measure the flange thickness. Place the depth rod of the micrometer into the groove and the anvil on the groove’s outer edge for the groove depth.
Step 5: Measure the Tread Depth
Using a depth gauge, measure the depth of the wheel tread by placing the gauge’s base on the wheel’s outer surface and extending the probe into the tread. Record the measurement, and repeat this process at multiple points along the wheel’s circumference to ensure accuracy.
Step 6: Check Wheel Alignment and Flatness
Finally, use a straightedge to check the wheel’s alignment and flatness. Place the straightedge across the wheel’s surface, and examine the gap between the straightedge and the wheel. The wheel may require maintenance or replacement if the gap is uneven or exceeds the manufacturer’s specifications.
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Measuring Forged Crane Wheels
To ensure accurate measurements, avoid these common mistakes:
- Using worn or damaged measuring tools.
- You need to zero the measuring instruments before taking measurements.
- Measuring at an angle rather than perpendicular to the wheel surface.
- Not accounting for temperature fluctuations that may affect the wheel dimensions.
How to purchase the correct forged crane wheels?
To purchase the correct forged crane wheels, there are several factors to take into account:
Material of Forged Crane Wheels
Selecting the right material is crucial for your project. Common materials for forged crane wheels include carbon steel, stainless steel, alloy steel, aluminum, copper, and titanium. Each material has its advantages and disadvantages, so choosing the one that best suits your application is essential.
Size and Shape of Forged Crane Wheels
The size and shape of the forged crane wheel should match the requirements of your project. Consider the dimensions, such as length, diameter, or thickness, and the overall shape (round or flat). Custom sizes and shapes can also be requested from the supplier.
Tolerance and Straightness of Forged Crane Wheels
Tolerance refers to the allowable variation in dimensions, while straightness is the degree to which the crane wheel is free of bends or twists. Higher tolerance and straightness standards ensure better quality and performance of the forged crane wheels. Make sure to specify your desired tolerance and straightness requirements when purchasing.
Surface Finish of Forged Crane Wheels
The surface finish of a forged crane wheel can affect its performance, corrosion resistance, and appearance. Common surface finishes include hot-rolled, cold-drawn, turned, and polished. The choice of surface finish depends on your application and aesthetic preferences.
Heat Treatment of Forged Crane Wheels
Heat treatment can significantly alter the mechanical properties of the forged crane wheels, such as hardness, strength, and ductility. Depending on your application, you may require specific heat treatment processes like annealing, normalizing, quenching, or tempering. Ensure your supplier can provide your forged crane wheels with the necessary heat treatment services.
Quality Certifications of Forged Crane Wheels
Quality certifications, such as ISO, ASTM, or ASME, ensure that the forged crane wheels meet specific industry standards and requirements. Look for suppliers with these certifications to guarantee you’re purchasing high-quality products.
Budget and Pricing of Forged Crane Wheels
The cost of forged crane wheels can vary depending on the material, size, and additional processing. Compare prices from different suppliers and consider your budget while making your decision. Keep in mind that quality should not be compromised for the sake of lower prices.
Purchasing the correct forged crane wheels is crucial for the success of your project. By understanding the forging process, considering factors like material, size, shape, and quality certifications, and choosing the right supplier, you can ensure that you’re investing in high-quality products that meet your needs. With the right forged crane wheels, you can enhance the performance, durability, and longevity of your applications, contributing to the overall success of your project.
How to select forged crane wheels manufacturer?
Selecting the manufacturer of the right forged crane wheel requires careful consideration of various factors, including quality, experience, capacity, customization, certification, pricing, location, reputation, and additional services offered. By considering all these aspects, you can make an informed decision and choose a reliable and experienced manufacturer that will deliver high-quality forged crane wheels for your project.
Factors to Consider when Selecting a Forged Crane Wheels Manufacturer
The quality of the forged crane wheels is of paramount importance. Always choose a manufacturer that adheres to strict quality control standards and utilizes advanced technology to produce high-quality forged crane wheels.
The manufacturer’s experience in the industry is an essential factor to consider. An experienced manufacturer will have the knowledge and expertise to produce high-quality forged crane wheels and meet your requirements.
The production capacity of the manufacturer should be taken into account. Ensure the manufacturer can handle your order volume, whether a small or large-scale project.
Your project may require customized forged crane wheels with unique specifications. Choose a manufacturer offering customization options, ensuring they meet your specific needs.
Check if the manufacturer holds relevant certifications, such as ISO or AS9100. These certifications are an indication of their commitment to quality and industry standards.
While pricing should not be the sole determining factor, it is essential to consider the cost of the forged crane wheels. Select a manufacturer that offers competitive pricing without compromising quality.
The location of the manufacturer can affect shipping times and logistics costs. Opt for a conveniently located manufacturer that can deliver the forged crane wheels within your desired timeframe.
Evaluating a Manufacturer’s Reputation
A. Customer Reviews
Read through customer reviews and testimonials to understand the manufacturer’s reputation. Positive feedback from satisfied customers is a good indication of the manufacturer’s reliability and commitment to quality.
B. Industry Recognition
Look for manufacturers that have received industry awards or recognition, which indicates their dedication to excellence and innovation in forged crane wheels manufacturing.
Additional Services Offered
A. In-House Testing
Choose a manufacturer that offers in-house testing and inspection services. This ensures that the forged crane wheels meet your specifications and quality requirements before shipping them.
B. On-Time Delivery
On-time delivery is crucial for any project. Select a manufacturer with a track record of delivering orders on time to avoid potential delays or disruptions to your project schedule.
C. After-Sales Support
After-sales support is an essential aspect of any business relationship. Choose a manufacturer that offers excellent customer service and support, including addressing any concerns or issues you may have with the forged crane wheels after delivery.
Why Choose Jihua to Be Your forged crane wheel Supplier?
At Jihua, we pride ourselves on providing top-notch forged crane wheels that meet industry standards. Our state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities and experienced team of engineers ensure that every forged crane wheel we produce is exceptional, with precise dimensions and impeccable surface finish. By choosing Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can be confident that you are receiving products that will exceed your expectations and stand the test of time.
Wide Range of Materials and Sizes
Our extensive selection of materials and sizes sets us apart from other forged crane wheel suppliers. We offer a diverse range of metals, including stainless steel, alloy steel, carbon steel, and superalloys, to meet the unique requirements of various industries. Our forged crane wheels are available in various diameters and lengths, ensuring we can fulfill any order, no matter how specialized or demanding.
Tailored Solutions for Your Specific Needs
At Jihua, we understand that each customer has unique requirements and challenges. That’s why we offer customized solutions tailored to your specific needs. Our skilled engineers will work closely with you to develop and produce forged crane wheels that meet your specifications. Whether you require a particular material, size, or surface finish, we have the expertise and resources to deliver the perfect solution for your project.
Competitive Pricing and Exceptional Value
We know that cost is crucial when selecting a forged crane wheel supplier. At Jihua, we are committed to providing our customers with competitive pricing without compromising quality. Our streamlined manufacturing processes and extensive industry experience allow us to offer exceptional value, ensuring that you receive the best possible product at a fair price.
Fast Lead Times and Reliable Delivery
In today’s fast-paced business world, time is of the essence. We understand the importance of delivering your forged crane wheels promptly and reliably. Our efficient production processes and well-established logistics network ensure that your order will be completed and delivered on time every time. By choosing Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can rest assured that your project will stay on track and schedule.
Unparalleled Customer Support
Customer satisfaction is at the core of our business. Our dedicated customer support team is always available to answer any questions or address any concerns. From the moment you place your order to the final delivery of your forged crane wheels, we will be with you every step to ensure a seamless and hassle-free experience.
Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing
At Jihua, we recognize the importance of protecting the environment and are committed to sustainable manufacturing practices. Our eco-friendly production processes and adherence to strict environmental regulations ensure that our forged crane wheels are produced with minimal environmental impact. By choosing Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can be confident that you are partnering with a company that values and prioritizes environmental responsibility.
Global Presence and Reputation
As a leading global forged crane wheel supplier, Jihua has established a strong presence and reputation in the international market. Our extensive network of satisfied customers and partners is a testament to our commitment to quality, innovation, and customer service. By partnering with Jihua, you can be assured that you are working with a company with the expertise and resources to support your business globally.
State-of-the-Art Research and Development
Innovation is at the heart of our success at Jihua. Our research and development team is constantly exploring new materials, technologies, and manufacturing techniques to improve the performance and durability of our forged crane wheels. By staying at the forefront of industry advancements, we can offer our customers cutting-edge products that set the standard for quality and performance. When you choose Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can be sure that you are receiving products incorporating the latest industry innovations.
Strict Quality Control and Assurance
To guarantee the highest quality forged crane wheels, we have implemented a rigorous quality control and assurance system at every stage of the production process. From selecting raw materials to the final inspection and testing finished products, our experienced quality control team ensures that every forged crane wheel meets our strict quality standards. By maintaining our unwavering commitment to quality, we can provide our customers with forged crane wheels they can trust to perform reliably in even the most demanding applications.
Certifications and Compliance
As a leading forged crane wheel supplier, Jihua is fully committed to complying with all applicable industry standards and regulations. We hold various certifications, including ISO, demonstrating our dedication to maintaining the highest levels of quality and safety in our products and processes. By choosing Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can be certain that you are partnering with a company that values compliance and adheres to the strictest industry standards.
Long-Term Partnerships and Collaboration
At Jihua, we believe in building long-lasting relationships with our customers and partners. By fostering a collaborative environment and maintaining open lines of communication, we can better understand your needs and work together to achieve your goals. Our commitment to long-term partnerships ensures we can provide ongoing support and resources to help your business grow and succeed.
Experience and Expertise
With years of experience in the forged crane wheel industry, our team of skilled professionals has the knowledge and expertise to provide you with the best possible solutions for your projects. Our in-depth understanding of various industries unique requirements and challenges enables us to offer expert guidance and advice to help you make the best decisions for your business.
Jihua is the ideal choice for your forged crane wheel supplier due to our commitment to quality, innovation, customer satisfaction, and environmental responsibility. Our extensive range of products, tailored solutions, competitive pricing, fast lead times, and exceptional customer support make us the preferred partner for businesses worldwide. By choosing Jihua as your forged crane wheel supplier, you can be confident that you are working with a company dedicated to your success.
Our forging product types
|Item||Type||Section size/mm||Length/Height mm||Weight/ton|
|1||Circle/step axis class||Ø100-Ø1500||≤15000||≤15|
|3||Crane Wheel class||Ø200-Ø2000||≤3500||≤12|
|4||Pie type class||Ø200-Ø2400||≤700||≤12|
|5||Valve box/valve body type||Ø250-1200||≤2000||≤12|
|Shaft flange type|
|7||Cross axis class||≤Ø2000||≤500||≤10|
Export Country For Forged Crane Wheels
|MIDDLE EAST||AFRICA||NORTH AMERICA||EUROPE||ASIA||SOUTH AMERICA|
|Oman||Sudan||Trinidad And Tobago||Spain||South Korea||Ecuador|
|Turkey||The Republic Of Congo||Bahamas||Netherland||Sri Lanka||Paraguay|